10 Biblical truths about the afterlife

Three-year-old Colton Burpo had a near-death experience (NDE) while on the operating table. When it was over, he described his “three minutes in heaven” in vivid detail, including encounters with Samson, John the Baptist, and Jesus, who had sea-blue eyes and owned a rainbow-colored horse.

Colton’s father, a Wesleyan pastor, believes the lad’s experience was real because he shared it with “the simple conviction of an eyewitness.”

You may read Colton’s story in Heaven is for Real: A Little Boy’s Astounding Story of His Trip to Heaven and Back, which ruled the best-seller list for 44 weeks. Millions of people have devoured the book and watched the youngster’s appearances on TV shows.

Less popular but equally intriguing are books about NDEs in which people “die” for brief periods and experience the horrors of hell. To Hell and Back by cardiologist Maurice Rollins, for example, tells us that hellish NDEs have to be recorded and verified immediately after the person “returns” or the horrifying memories will be repressed.

In any case, stories like Colton’s appeal to our desire to know more about the afterlife.

Sincerely wrong

I have never met Colton or his father. And I have no reason to doubt that Colton had an experience of some kind, or that his father is sincere in sharing what his son observed. What concerns me is something Christian apologist Hank Hanegraaff recently articulated when he wrote that “our culture has forgotten one very simple fact: you can be sincere and still be wrong.”

It is important for Christians to realize that any reports of the afterlife must be measured against scripture. God has chosen not to answer every question about life after death in His Word, but He gives us enough information to know at least 10 biblical truths:

1. Death is not the end of life. In perhaps the earliest biblical reference to resurrection, Job expresses confidence that in his flesh he will see God. Samuel appears to Saul after his death, and Moses and Elijah appear with Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration. Jesus tells the story of Lazarus and the rich man to describe life beyond the grave. And the apostles Paul and John are given glimpses into heaven.

2. There is conscious existence beyond the grave. Jesus’ story of Lazarus and the rich man offers graphic details of the afterlife, showing us that people continue to think, remember, experience pain, communicate, and understand where they are – and why.

3. We maintain our identities. King Saul recognizes Samuel after the witch of Endor (or more properly, the Lord) summons him from the dead. Peter, James and John identify Moses and Elijah on the Mount of Transfiguration even though they have never met. The rich man in Jesus’ parable sees both Lazarus and Abraham across the great divide in Hades.

4. We have memories of life on earth. The rich man remembers that he has five brothers, and he asks Abraham to send Lazarus back to earth to warn them of Torment (apparently realizing he is not be permitted to be set free).

5. We await future resurrection. Jesus tells us all who are in the graves will hear His voice one day and “come forth” (John 5:29). Paul writes that Christians will receive glorified bodies (1 Cor. 15), while John sees unbelievers receiving resurrected bodies fit for eternal separation from God (Rev. 20:11-15).

6. We await final judgment. Christians will stand before the judgment seat of Christ. Unbelievers will stand before the Great White Throne.

7. Believers are destined for life with Christ in the new heavens and earth. The apostle John describes what it will be like when Jesus renovates our sinful and fallen world (Rev. 21-22).

8. Unbelievers are destined for eternal separation from God in hell. “Outer darkness” awaits those who reject Christ. Not that God is cruel. Unbelievers choose eternity on their own terms. As C.S. Lewis writes in The Problem of Pain: “The doors of hell are locked on the inside.” (See “The goodness of hell” in the Nov. 6 issue of The Pathway for more information on hell.)

9. Our choices now have eternal consequences. Jesus asks the question every person must answer: “Who do you say that I am?” (Matt. 16:15). And we must answer in this life, for there are no second chances beyond the grave (Heb. 9:27).

10. God has chosen not to reveal everything about the afterlife at this time. Paul is prevented from sharing his experiences in the “third heaven.” John is forbidden to reveal everything he sees in the Apocalypse. We should be content with what God has revealed in Scripture.

A final thought: If you want a more expansive look into life after death, try Christian authors Randy Alcorn (Heaven) or Dinesh D’Souza (Life After Death: The Evidence).

This column originally appeared Nov. 20, 2012, in The Pathway, the official news journal of the Missouri Baptist Convention.  


  1. Robert Sparks

    Lazarus and the rich man where without a doubt not real people.
    Jesus just told 4 parables and this was the 5th in a series. Jesus never spoke to the multitudes unless it was in parable and even after being asked by his Disciples to explain some parables he just spoke Jesus explained them in parable. Jesus only spoke in parable to the people. ALL parables are untrue stories that tell a spiritual truth. The rich man is the Jew, rich in God’s Word with Priestly linen and Kingly purple robes. Lazarus is the poor Gentile and without God’s Word. This is Prophecy of Gentile acceptance of Christ (in the arms of Abraham) and Jewish rejection of himself (Jesus). Jesus tells the Jews that even if one were to come back from the dead you will still not believe. It also mocks the pagan belief in eternal burning Hell by reducing the flames of Hell to a tiny flame. This Parable is rich in Prophetic symbolism and it’s all wasted if it’s reduced to a “true story” about Hell. God speaks in Parable. Look for the deeper message.

  2. rphilli

    Ron, thanks for writing. I believe Lazarus and the rich man were real people, and I referred to the story as a parable because Jesus used it to expose the false beliefs the religious leaders of His day had about right standing before God. They believed their wealth and privilege were proof of their righteousness, while poverty and illness were signs of sinfulness. Jesus showed them that true righteousness is a matter of faith and that many who presume to be righteous will be surprised to learn they are separated eternally from God at death. A parable is simply one thing laid beside another for the purpose of comparison. Jesus pointed to Lazarus and the rich man — two individuals who may have been known by the religious leaders — to lay the truth beside their false beliefs. Thanks again for visiting the website and for taking the time to write.

  3. rphilli

    Vic, thanks for your comment. I agree completely with Hank’s statement. What I meant to communicate is that Mr. Hanegraaff articulated a concern that I share, not that I am concerned about Hank’s comment. Sorry I was not more clear.

  4. Vic Borden

    Bro. Phillips,

    You indicated in your article about the afterlife that: “What concerns me is something Christian apologist Hank Hanegraaff recently articulated when he wrote that ‘our culture has forgotten one very simple fact: you can be sincere and still be wrong.'” I’m wondering why Hanegraaff’s statement concerns you. God bless.

    Vic Borden